3D-electrode integrated microsieve structure as a rapid and cost-effective single neuron detector


Using integrated silicon micromachining and thin-film technology, the fabrication of electrically functionalized microsieves for the study of 3D neuronal cell networks in vitrowas a major challenge and is still very expensive at the current scale of device production, which is limited to fundamental research. Also, thin-film sidewall electrodes are in contact with the neurons and the microsieves need to be rigorously cleaned prior to reuse or the expensively integrated culture platform must be discarded. To simplify such microsieve studies on neuronal cell networks, we started analysis by optical techniques on polymer microsieves, which also proved to be valuable in our previous studies. Knowing the distribution of cells throughout the pores of the sieve, however, will enhance statistical relevance of these biological experiments. Hence, here, we present the feasibility study on a new technical concept for a cost-effective, fast, and reusable electrical platform to monitor the cell placement distribution in single-use 3D microsieves by a hybrid assembly approach in a label-free manner. The proposed system, having 3D electrodes integrated with microsieves, was compared with the thin-film sidewall electrodes that touch cells in a 3D simulation platform. Although a relatively thick and tapered insulating layer exists between cells and electrodes in the proposed 3D pluggable system, an impedance variation ratio of 3.4% on a measurable based impedance of ∼59 kΩ was obtained in these simulations and is very similar to the values for sidewall electrodes.

Read more: https://avs.scitation.org/doi/10.1116/6.0000518